The International Headache Society (IHS) defines a migraine as a headache disorder with recurrent attacks (at least five) that last from 4 to 72 hours, are associated with nausea and/or sensitivity to light and sound, and also have at least two of four other characteristics including: pain that is of moderate or severe intensity; throbbing or pulsing; affects only one side of the head; or is worsened by routine activity such as walking.
Migraines can be challenging to treat using traditional painkillers, so many people look for alternative ways to help prevent them. One potential remedy is magnesium.
Magnesium: Magnesium is essential for human health. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), this mineral is part of more than 300 reactions that regulate everything from protein synthesis to blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and nerve and muscle function. It is required for energy production, contributes to bone development, helps keep the heart’s rhythm normal, and is necessary for the synthesis of DNA. A considerable amount of evidence indicates that migraine headache sufferers are more likely to be magnesium deficient than healthy controls, and magnesium has been looked at as a potential option for preventing and treating migraine headaches.
The recommended dietary allowance for magnesium is 420 mg per day for men over 31, and 320 mg per day for women in that age bracket. According to a recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans, many Americans are not meeting the recommended intake for dietary magnesium. The American Migraine Foundation suggests taking a 200-400 mg supplement of magnesium daily to prevent migraines.