Vitamin B12 deficiencies can lead to a number of problems, some of which are irreversible. One of the main side effects of B12 deficiency is pernicious anemia. Anemia is when your body doesn’t make enough red blood cells, and it can be caused by several things like lack of iron or sufficient blood loss. If it’s related to a B12 deficiency, your blood count is low because it needs B12 to create red blood cells.
The body does not produce the kind of B12 that it can absorb and use, so the only way to get B12 is through diet. People only need small amounts of the essential nutrient, and the liver can store it for about four years, so deficiencies are rare. However, there are many things that can make it difficult for the body to get or absorb enough B12 to function.
You may be at risk for a deficiency if you follow a strict vegetarian diet, as adequate B12 can only be found in animal products. If you don’t eat any meat or dairy, you should be sure to take a vitamin supplement like Vital B-100 available at Dr. Newton’s Naturals.
Chronic alcoholism, taking heartburn medication regularly and gastrointestinal diseases can all inhibit B12 from being absorbed in the body, so a vitamin supplement, or in the worst cases, an injection may be necessary.
If you think you may have a vitamin B12 deficiency, it’s important to talk to a doctor, as it could lead to irreparable nerve damage.