Premenstrual syndrome may be linked to reduced melatonin secretion

Findings from the Douglas Mental Health University Institute suggest that women experiencing premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), a mood disorder that can occur a week prior to menses, could also experience impaired production of melatonin, a hormone essential for sleep.

According to researchers, between three to eight percent of women are affected by PMDD, which is characterized by depression, nervous tension and restless or disturbed sleeping habits. Of women who have been diagnosed with the disorder, up to 70 percent have noted problems with sleeping.

In an effort to determine the correlation between PMDD and the cycle of rhythms of melatonin in PMDD-affected patients, co-lead researcher Diane B. Boivin, M.D., and her colleagues examined participants over two 24-hour periods that corresponded with the pre-ovulatory follicular phase and post-ovulatory luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.

Women with PMDD were found to have reduced levels of melatonin secretion during the evening in both the follicular and luteal phases, suggesting that there may be a tangible link between the condition and sleep problems.

“Clearly understanding the mechanisms and specific pathophysiology of PMDD can help improve treatments, including both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic approaches, for this disorder,” said study lead author Ari Shechter, M.D., also of Douglas Mental Health University Institute.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), sleep disorders include insomnia, restless leg syndrome and sleep apnea. The former is characterized by difficulty falling asleep and can be the result of health issues or lifestyle habits.

By pursuing better sleep hygiene, women who experience trouble falling asleep can reduce their susceptibility to insomnia. The NIH recommends going to bed at the same time every night, avoiding caffeine and nicotine before bed and eating smaller meals in the evening.

In addition, those who have problems sleeping should try not to exercise or nap later in the day and get rid of electronic distractions in a bedroom.

The importance of a good night’s rest cannot be understated. Those who practice good sleep hygiene are more likely to enjoy better health, cognitive function and concentration skills, all of which can lead to a better quality of life.

With Dr. Pinkus’ Sublingual Sleep, an all-natural supplement which is available through Dr. Newton’s Naturals, users can fall asleep with greater ease and wake up feeling rejuvenated. In addition, Sublingual Sleep is formulated with magnesium and vitamin B-1, both of which can help relax muscles and boost overall wellness.

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